Application of leakage rates measured on scaled cask or component models to the package containment safety assessment

Annette Rolle - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Viktor Ballheimer - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM)
Tino Neumeyer - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany
Frank Wille - Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und –prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany
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The containment systems of transport and storage casks for spent fuel and high level radioactive waste usually include bolted lids with metallic or elastomeric seals. The mechanical and thermal loadings associated with the routine, normal and accident conditions of transport can have a significant effect on the leak tightness of such containment system. Scaled cask models are often used for providing the required mechanical and thermal tests series. Leak tests have been conducted on those models. It is also common practice to use scaled component tests to investigate the influence of deformations or displacements of the lids and the seals on the standard leakage rate as well as to study the temperature and time depending alteration of the seals. In this paper questions of the transferability of scaled test results to the full size design of the containment system will be discussed.