Case Study Activities for Nuclear Security Culture Development in JAEA

Tsukasa AMANO - Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Ryodai SHIBATA - Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Yoshiharu Sato - Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Katsuyuki YAMAZAKI - Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Hideo Shiromo - Japan Atomic Energy Agency
Hironobu Nakamura - Japan Atomic Energy Agency
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In Japan, about 10 years have passed since the law obligated nuclear operators to develop and maintain a nuclear security culture. During this period, the global nuclear situation has changed significantly, and it is becoming increasingly important to maintain a stance that emphasizes compliance with regulations and nuclear security culture. In JAEA, the policy of legal compliance and developing nuclear security culture is determined by the president of JAEA. For compliance with regulations and developing nuclear security culture, many activities are carried out at both the headquarters and each of six nuclear sites based on that policy. Finally, these activities are evaluated and improved it every year. Case study is the one of activities that can obtain skills for legal compliance and developing nuclear security culture, such as sensitivity of nuclear security risks, correct understanding of the laws. The procedure for the case study was created with reference to a method called KY-Training which is often applied to safety training program in Japan. KYTraining is a training that participants (groups) can reach the conclusion how to respond to cases through four questions. Firstly, participants are given illustrations and descriptions which has potential of nuclear security risks. Then, participants make discussion according to four questions. Questions are given following viewpoints: I) raising the issues, II) focusing on one, III) predicting what would happen, and IV) considering what to do. Consequently, participants can effectively become aware of nuclear security risks. In the 2022 case study, we prepared 23 cases so that they can select choose freely according to role of participants such as in charge of nuclear security, guards, general employees. Finally, participants are asked to fill a questionnaire to evaluate effectiveness of case study. The result of questionnaires indicated that the case study was able to lead to improvement sensitivity of nuclear security risks and correct understanding of the laws. Overall, case study results suggested that JAEA's efforts were implying sufficiently to develop and maintain a nuclear security culture.