Asian Political Development And Cooperation In Nuclear Non Proliferation

Harjeet Singh - University of Delhi
Over the past two decades, the political development of nuclear states in South Asia derailed the nuclear nonproliferation process, at the current stage, five countries in Asia possess the nuclear arsenal, while in past twenty years, no major war has been noticed, but relying on the state relations of Asian countries with their neighbours erected a question whether nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament are feasible in Asia. The historical enmity among these nations remained the driving force resulted in numerous wars and minor scale conflicts, recorded between India and Pakistan, Chinese involvement in the Korean peninsula war, conflict with India in Siachen, Ladakh, and northeastern region, indicating that the probability of war between these Asian nations is exceptionally high concerning the prospects of peace on the Asian continent. The strategic alliances of western nations with Asian countries, especially during conflict and war times, is considered the reason for the proliferation of nuclear weapons in Asia. The treaty on the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons aiming to prevent the spread of atomic weapons failed to address the concerns of Asian countries, which resulted three nuclear power opposition in Asia alone. The failure of bilateral dialogues among the nuclear states prolonged the threat of major nuclear conflict in Asia seems not to be resolved with traditional western approaches of gunboat diplomacy and brinkmanship, especially in the case of India and Pakistan. This paper evaluates the current status of nuclear nonproliferation development in Asia while considering the historical conflict to comprehend realistic triggers points that could escalate the nuclear war, taking into accounts both the state actors and non-state actors influence in the development of national security threats, also laying down comprehensive approaches to tackle the current nuclear posture of the nuclear states simultaneously emphasizing plans on the avoidance of such trigger by evaluating current Asian political development regarding nuclear diplomacy through an empirical process analyzing all possible strategies furthering nuclear nonproliferation in Asia.