3D Source Reconstruction Using Coded Aperture Gamma-Ray

A. Laminack - National Security Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
K.P. Ziock - Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
J. Daughhetee - Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
P. Gibbs - Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
K. Schmitt - Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
V. Nwadeyi - Savanah River National Laboratory
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Recent measurements with coded-aperture imagers demonstrate material mass determination in a holdup setting to an accuracy within a few percent. This capability is of particular interest to the Surplus Plutonium Disposition (SPD) project, which aims to dilute and dispose of surplus plutonium oxide. Gamma-ray imagers can be used to determine holdup without interrupting normal operations. In this work, we examine techniques for 3D source localization and mass determination using gamma-ray imagers. Coded-aperture imagers provide excellent source localization within the 2D image plane; however, multiple imagers operating in tandem are necessary to identify source location in 3D space. A Maximum Likelihood Expectation-Maximization (MLEM) method for fitting detector mappings is a powerful tool for accomplishing this task. MLEM allows 3D source localization to be simultaneously constrained using multiple gamma-ray imagers by constructing the basis for the MLEM fit using detector mappings from different detector locations stitched together. Each of these basis points represents a singular response from a source in 3D space and is generated using Monte Carlo simulations of sources placed individually at different locations throughout the imager’s field of view. Additionally, implementing knowledge of the physical equipment in the simulations of the glovebox used for the SPD project incorporates attenuation effects that are needed to calculate material holdup.